当前位置:首页 >> 地方志书 >> 海南省志 >> 西南中沙群岛志 >> 南海诸岛中外地名对照表

南海诸岛中外地名对照表


1983年公布标准名称       1947年公布名称     1935年公布名称           外文名称
1.南海诸岛                        南海诸岛               南海各岛屿              South China Sea Islands
2.东沙群岛                        东沙群岛               东沙岛                      Pratas Is.
3.东沙礁                                                                                             Pratas Reef
4. 东沙岛                              东沙岛                   东沙岛                      Pratas I.
5.北卫滩                            北卫滩                                                     North Vereker Bank①
6.南卫滩                            南卫滩                                                     South Vereker Bank
7.北水道                                                                                              North Pass
8.南水道                                                                                              South Pass
9.西沙群岛                       西沙群岛              西沙群岛                     Paracel Islands and Reefs②
10.永乐群岛                        永乐群岛               库勒生特列岛            Crescent Group
11.北礁                             北礁                      北礁                             North Reef
12.金银岛                         金银岛                   钱财岛                        Moneyl.
13.羚羊礁                         羚羊礁                   羚羊礁                        Antelope Reef
14. 筐仔沙洲
15. 甘泉岛                           甘泉岛                  罗伯特岛                      Robert I.
16.珊瑚岛                         珊瑚岛                  逼陶尔岛                      Pattle I.
17. 全富岛
18. 鸭公岛
19.银屿
20.银屿仔
21.咸舍屿
22.石屿
23.晋卿岛                          晋卿岛                都兰莽岛                       Drummond I.
24.琛航岛                          琛航岛                坛坚岛                           Dancan I.
25.广金岛                          广金岛                                                       Palm I.
26.玉琢礁                          玉琢礁                符勒多儿礁                   Vuladdore Reef
27.华光礁                          华光礁                觅出礁                           Discovery Reef
28.盘石屿                          盘石屿                巴徐崎                           Passu Keak
29.中建岛                          中建岛               土莱塘岛                       Triton I.
30.宣德群岛                      宣德群岛           莺非土莱特列岛            Amphitrite Group
31.永兴岛                          永兴岛                茂林岛                          Woody I.
32.石岛                               石岛                   石岛                              Rocky  I.
33. 七连屿   
34. 东新沙洲
35. 西新沙洲
36. 南沙洲                              南沙洲                 南滩                         South  Sand
37. 中沙洲                              中沙洲                                                  Middle  Sand
38. 北沙洲                              北沙洲                                                  North  Sand
39.南岛                                南岛                      南岛                        South  Island
40. 中岛                                  中岛                      中岛                         Middle  Island
41.北岛                                北岛                      北岛                         North  Island
42. 赵述岛                              赵述岛                  树岛                         Tree  Island
43. 西沙洲                              西沙洲                   西滩                        West   Sand
44.银铄滩                            银铄滩                  伊尔迪斯滩              Iltis   Bank
45. 东岛                                 和五岛                   林康岛                      Lincoln  I.
46.西渡滩                            西渡滩                  带渡滩                      Dido  Bank
47. 高尖石                              高尖石                   高尖石                     Pyramid  Rocks
48· 北边廊
49. 滨湄滩                              滨湄滩                  蒲利孟滩                    Bremen   Bank
50. 湛涵滩                              湛涵滩                  则衡志儿滩                Jehangire  Bank
51. 浪花礁                              蓬勃礁                  傍俾礁                        Bombay   Reef
52. 嵩焘滩                                                                                                Herald   Bank
53. 老粗门
54. 全富门
55. 银屿门
56. 石屿门
57. 晋卿门
58. 红草门
59. 赵述岛                                                                                             Zappe   Pass
60. 甘泉门
                                               核子牌滩                                                Hotspur  Shoal
            森屏滩                   观察滩                    Observation  Bank
                                                道乾群岛                                               Duncan  Is
61.中沙群岛                          中沙群岛                南沙群岛               Macclesfield  Bank
1983年公布标准名称    1947年公布名称      1935年公布名称          外文名称
62. 西门暗沙                          西门暗沙                                                Siamese  Shoal
63. 本固暗沙                          本固暗沙                                                Bankok  Shoal
64.美滨暗沙                        美滨暗沙                                                Magpie  Shoal
65. 鲁班暗沙                          鲁班暗沙                                                Carpenter  Shoal
66.中北暗沙                        立夫暗沙                                                Oliver   Shoal
67.比微暗沙                         比微暗沙                                                 Pigmy   Shoal
68.隐矶滩                             隐矶滩                  伊机立亚滩               Egeria   Bank
69.武勇暗沙                        武勇暗沙                                                 Howard  Shoal
70.济猛暗沙                        济猛暗沙               利锚司滩                   Learmouth  Shoal
71.海鸠暗沙                        海鸠暗沙                                                 Plover   Shoal
72. 安定连礁                          安定连礁                                                Addington  Patch
73. 美溪暗沙                         美溪暗沙                                                  Smith  Shoal
74. 布德暗沙                         布德暗沙                                                  Basselt  Shoal
75. 波洑暗沙                         波洑暗沙                                                  Balfour   Shoal
76. 排波暗沙                         排波暗沙                                                   Parry   Shoal
77. 果淀暗沙                         果淀暗沙                                                  Cawston  Shoal
78. 排洪滩                             排洪滩                                                      Penguin  Bank
79. 涛静暗沙                         涛静暗沙                                                  Tancred   Shoal
80. 控湃暗沙                         控湃暗沙                                                  Combe   Shoal
81. 华夏暗沙                         华夏暗沙                                                  Cathy   Shoal
82. 石塘连礁                         石塘连礁                                                  Hardy   Patches
83. 指掌暗沙                         指掌暗沙                                                  Hand   Shoal
84. 南扉暗沙                         南扉暗沙                                                  Margesson  Shoal
85. 漫步暗沙                         漫步暗沙                 散步滩                     Walker   Shoal
86. 乐西暗沙                         乐西暗沙                                                  Phillip′s   Shoal
87. 屏南暗沙                         屏南暗沙                                                  Payne   Shoal
88. 黄岩岛(民主礁)         民主礁                     斯卡巴洛礁              Scarborough  Reef
89. 南岩                                  南石                                                          South  Rock
90. 北岩
91. 宪法暗沙                          宪法暗沙                 特鲁路滩                 Truro  Shoal
92. 一统暗沙                          一统暗沙                                                   Helen   Shoal
93. 神狐暗沙③                                                                                        St.Esprit  Shoal
94. 中南暗沙                                                                                             Dreyer   Shoal

                                                                            
                                            管事滩                                                             Stewart Bank
95.南沙群岛                    南沙群岛                   团沙群岛                     Spratly Islands
96. 双子群礁                      双子礁                      北险礁(双子岛)       North Danger[North
                                                                                                                    Danger reef(Two Islands)
97. 贡土礁                                                                                                  North Reef
98.北子岛                        北子礁                                                            North East Cay
99. 北外沙洲                                                                                               Shira  Islet
100. 南子岛                        南子礁                                                             South West Cay
101. 奈罗礁                                                                                                 South  Reef
102. 东南暗沙                                                                                             Sabine  Patches
103. 东北暗沙                                                                                              Day  Shoal
104. 北子暗沙                                                                                              Iroquois  Ridge
105. 永登暗沙                    永登暗沙                      独立登滩                    Trident  Shoal
106. 乐斯暗沙                    乐斯暗沙                      来苏滩                        Lys  Shoal
107. 中业群礁                    中业群礁                     帝都岛与群礁             Thi-Tu Islands(Thi-tu  island  and  reef)
108. 铁峙礁
109. 铁峙水道
110. 梅九礁
111. 中业岛                          中业岛                                                             Thi—Tu I.
112. 铁线礁
113. 渚碧礁                          渚碧礁                           沙比礁                       Subi Reef
114. 道明群礁                      道明群礁                       罗湾岛                       Loai-ta Bank and Reefs
115. 双黄沙洲
116. 南钥岛                          南钥岛                            罗湾岛                       Loaita or South I.of Horsbung
                                                                                                                      (Loai-ta island)
117. 杨信沙洲                       杨信沙洲                       兰家暗礁                  Lankiam  Cay
118. 库归礁
119. 长滩
120. 蒙自礁                                                                                                       Menzies  Reef
121. 郑和群礁                       郑和群礁                         铁沙礁                      Tizard Bank and Reefs
122. 太平岛                           太平岛                             伊都阿巴岛               Itu—Aba I.
123. 敦谦沙洲                        敦谦沙洲                        沙岛                          Sandy Cay

1983年公布标准名称        1947年公布名称      1935年公布名称                        外文名称  
124. 舶兰礁                            舶兰礁                             彼得来礁                         Petley  I.
125. 安达礁                            安达礁                             依鲁德礁                          Eldad  Reef
126. 鸿庥岛                            鸿庥岛                              南伊岛                              Namyit  I.
127. 南薰礁                            南薰礁                             给予礁                              Caven  Reefs
128. 小现礁                            小现礁                             小觅出礁                           Discovery Small Reef
129. 大现礁                           大现礁                              大觅出礁                           Discovery Great Reef
130. 福禄寺礁                       福禄寺礁                           西石或女神庙石              Western or Flora
                                                                                                                                    Temple  Reef
131. 康乐礁                                                                      康华里礁                           Cornwalleis  Reef
132. 九章群礁                                                                                                             Union Table mount or
                                                                                                                                     Union Bank and Reef
133. 景宏岛                            景宏岛                             辛科威岛                              Sin Cowe I.
134. 南门礁                                                                                                                 Edmund  Reef
135. 西门礁                                                                                                                  Mc—Kennan  Reef
136. 东门礁                                                                                                                   Hugh  Reef
137 . 安乐礁                                                                                                                  Hallet  Reef
138. 长线礁                                                                                                                   Holiday  Reef
139. 主权礁                                                                                                                   EmPire  Reef
140. 牛轭礁                                                                                                                  Whitsum  Reef
141. 染青东礁                                                                                                              Ross  Reef
142. 染青沙洲                                                                                                              Grierson  Reef
143. 龙虾礁                                                                                                                  Bamford  Reef
144. 扁参礁                                                                                                                  Tetley  Reef
145. 漳溪礁                                                                                                                   Jones  Reef
146. 屈原礁                                                                                                                    Higgen  Reef
147. 琼礁                                                                                                                       Lanstown  Reef
148. 赤瓜礁                                                                                                                 Johson  Reef
149. 鬼喊礁                                                                                                                  Collin  Reef
150. 华礁                                                                                                                      Loveless  Reef
151. 吉阳礁                                                                                                                  Gent  Reef
152.泛爱暗沙                              泛爱暗沙                 破扇滩                                Fancy Wreck Shoal
153.伏波礁                                  伏波礁                    干机斯礁                              Ganges south Reef


1983年公布标准名称          1947年公布名称          1935年公布名称                        外文名称
154.永暑礁                                永暑礁                       十字火礁或                       Fiery Cross or N.W.
                                                      西北调查礁                                                            Investigator  Reef
155.逍遥暗沙                            逍遥暗沙                                                                Dhaull  Shoal
156. 火艾礁                                                                                                                 Irving  Reef
157.西月岛                                西月岛                          西乐岛                              West  York  I.
158.马欢岛                                马欢岛                          南山湾                              Nanshan  I.
159. 费信岛                                 费信岛                           扁岛                                   Flat  I.
160.和平暗沙                            和平暗沙                      汤姆斯第三滩                   Third Thomas Shoal
161. 火星礁                                                                                                                    Hopkins  Reef
162. 大渊滩                                                                                                                   Nares  Bank
163.五方礁                                                                       北恶滩                              Jackson  Reef
                                                                                                                                     (Mischief  N.Reef)
164. 五方尾                                                                                                                   Hamson  Reef
165. 五方南                                                                                                                   Petch  Reef
166. 五方西                                                                                                                   Deane  Reef
167. 五方北                                                                                                                    Hoars  Reef
168. 五方头                                                                                                                     Dickinson  Reef
169. 浔江暗沙                                                                                                             Shinko  Shoal
170. 半路礁                                                                                                                    Hardy  Reef
171. 南方浅滩                                                                                                                Southern  Bank
172.东坡礁                                  东坡礁                           南拚素崩那礁                 Pennsylvania S.Reef
173.棕滩                                      棕滩                               棕色滩                              Brown  Bank
174.宝滩
175. 东华礁                                                                                                                     Foulerton  Reef
176.彬
177.安塘滩                                 安塘岛                           哑口迷笃古拉礁                Amy  Douglas
178. 安塘礁                                                                                                                     Amy Douglas Reef
179. 鲎藤礁                                                                                                                       Iroquois  Reef
180. 巩珍礁                                                                                                                       Baker  Reef
181.礼乐礁                                 礼乐滩                            芦滩                                     Reed  Bank
182.雄南滩                                 报告礁                                                               (    Reported Reef)④
                                                                                                                                          Marie Louisa Bank
183.阳明礁                                 阳明礁                            北拼素崩那礁                   Pennsylvania N.Reef

1983年公布标准名称           1947年公布名称                   1935年公布名称                        外文名称
184.礼乐南礁                                                                                                                      North Reef
185. 紫滩                                                                                                                             Wood Bank
186.莪兰暗沙                          莪兰暗沙                              勒奥古林滩                        Lord Auckland Shoal
187.红石暗沙                          红石暗沙                             加那的滩                             Carnatic  Shoal
188.仙后滩                              仙后滩                                 非利拚滩                             Fairie  Queen
189.忠孝滩                              忠孝滩                                   庙滩                                   Templier  Bank
                                                                                                                                             (Templer bank)
190. 勇士滩                                                                                                                           Leslie  Band
191.神仙暗沙                         神仙暗沙                            沙滩                                         Sandy  Shoal
192.海马滩                             海马滩                                 海马滩                                  Seahorse or Routh Bank
193.北恒礁                            北恒礁                                 北干机斯滩                            Gauges N· Reef
194.恒礁                                 恒礁                                    南干机斯滩                             Ganges  Reef
195. 孔明礁                               孔明礁                                                                                 Pennsylvania  Rlel
196. 三角礁                                                                                                                           Livock  Reef
197. 禄沙礁                                                                                                                             Hopp  Reef
198.美济礁                            美济礁                                  南恶礁                                     Mischief  Reef
                                                                                                                                              (S. Mischief)
199.仙娥礁                           仙娥滩                               亚利斯亚安尼礁                          Alicia  Annie  Reef
200. 信义礁                             信义暗沙                            汤姆斯第一滩                            First Thomas Shoal
201.海口礁                           海口暗沙                           东北调查礁                                 Investigator N.E.Shoal
202. 半月礁                            半月暗沙                            半月滩                                          Half  Moon  Shoal
203.舰长礁                           舰长暗沙                           无劳加比丹礁                             Royal Captain Shoal
204.仁爱礁                            仁爱暗沙                           汤姆斯第二滩                              Second Thomas Shoal
205.仙宾礁                           仙宾暗沙                            西宾那滩                                      Sabina  Shoal
206.钟山礁
207.立新礁
208. 牛车轮礁                                                                                                                          Boxall  Reef
209.片礁
210.蓬勃暗沙                      蓬勃暗沙                            傍俾滩                                         Bombay  Shoal
211.指向礁                          指向礁                                方向礁                                          Director
212.南乐暗沙                      南乐暗沙                            格拉斯哥礁                                Glasgow
213.校尉暗沙                     校尉暗沙                             东北社礁                                     N. E.Shoal(N.E.Shea)
214.都护暗沙                      都护暗沙                            北毒蛇滩                                     N.ViPer Shoai or Seahorse
1983年公布标准名称        1947年公布名称                     1935年公布名称                          外文名称
215.保卫暗沙                       保卫暗沙                             南毒蛇滩                              S.Viper  Shoal
216.司令礁                           司令礁                                司令礁                                   Commodore  Reef
217. 双礁                                                                                                                           Glasgow Bauk
218. 石龙岩                                                                                                                       Observation  Rock
219. 乙辛石                                                                                                                        Madagascar  Rock
220. 五乜礁                                                                                                                        Tennent Reef or Pigeon Reef
221. 玉诺礁                              玉诺岛                                 马林诺暗礁                           Cay  Marino
222. 南华礁                              南华礁                                 南康华里礁                         Cornwallis South Reef
223. 六门礁                                                                                                                         Alison  Reef
224. 石盘仔                                                                                                                        Maralie Reef or Bittern Shoal
225.毕生礁                             毕生岛                                   披尔逊礁                           Pearson Reef
226. 榆亚暗沙                           榆亚暗沙                               调查礁                               Investigation  Shoal
227.  三角礁
228.浪口礁
229. 线头礁
230. 金吾暗沙                          金吾暗沙                               西南社                                S· W· Shoal
231. 普宁暗沙                                                                                                                       U.S.S.Plymouth
232. 簸箕礁                                                                                                                          Erica  Reef
233.安渡滩                             安渡滩                                 阿打西亚滩                         Ardasier  Bank
234. 破浪礁                               破浪礁                                  格老色斯德破礁                Cloucester  Breakers
235. 光星礁                                                                                                                          Dallas  Reef
236. 光星仔礁                                                                                                                      Ardasier  Reef
237.息波礁                             息波礁                                   安达息破礁                        Ardaier  Breakers
238.南海礁                             南海礁                                   马立夫礁                             Marivels  Reef
239.柏礁                                  霸加那大礁                                                                      Barque  Canada
240.单柱石                              立威岛                                   立沙礁                                Lizzie  Weber
241 . 鸟鱼锭石
242.安波沙洲                           安波沙洲                             安波那暗礁                           Amboyna  Cay
243.隐遁暗沙                           隐遁暗沙                             斯塔格司滩                           Stag  Shoal
244.尹庆群礁                          尹庆群礁                                                                             London  Reefs
245.华阳礁                               华阳礁                                克德郎礁                               Cuarteron  Reef
246.东礁                                   东礁                                    东零丁礁                                East reef(East London Reef)
247.中礁                                   中礁                                    中央礁                                    Central  Reef
1983年公布标准名称             1947年公布名称               1935年公布名称                      外文名称
248.西礁                                    西礁                                     西零丁礁                             West  Reef
                                                                                                                                               (West  London  Reel)
249.南威岛                               南威岛                                  斯巴拉脱岛
                                                      或暴风雨岛                                                                       Spratly or Storm Island
250. 日积礁                                 日积礁                                拉德礁                                   Ladd  Reef
251. 康泰滩                                                                                                                            Coranation  Bank
252. 朱应滩                                                                                                                            Jubilee  Bank
253.奥援暗沙                           奥援暗沙                            湾滩                                       Owen  Shoal
254.碎浪暗沙
255. 南薇滩                                 南薇滩                               来福门滩                                 Riflemen  Bank
256. 蓬勃堡                                 蓬勃堡                               傍俾炮台滩                             Bombay  Castle
257. 常骏暗沙                             庄臣怕余                                                                           Johnson  Patch
258. 金盾暗沙                             金盾暗沙                          顷士登滩                                 Kingston  Shoal
259.奥南暗沙                            奥南暗沙                          阿利那滩                                 Orleana  Shoal
260.广雅滩                                广雅滩                              比邻教畏滩                             Prince of Wales Bank
261.人骏滩                               人骏滩                               埃勒生达滩                             Alexandra  Bank
262. 李准滩                                  李准滩                              格稷泽滩                                Grainger  Bank
263.西卫滩                                西卫滩                             比邻康索滩                             Prince Consort Bank
264.万安滩                               万安滩                                前卫滩                                   Vanguard  Bank
265. 弹丸礁                                 弹丸礁                                燕子窝                                   Swallow  Reef
266.皇路礁                               皇路礁                              无劳柴乐礁                             Royal  Charotte  Reef
267.南通礁                               南通礁                              路易萨礁                                  Louisa  Reef
268. 北康暗沙                             北康暗沙                          北卢康尼亚滩                          North Luconia Shoals
269.盟谊暗沙                           盟谊暗沙                          友谊滩                                      Friendship  Shoal
270. 义净礁                                                                                                                              Aitken  Reef
271. 海康暗沙                                                                                                                         Hardie  Reef
272. 法显暗沙                                                                                                                        Buck  Reef
273. 康西暗沙                                                                                                                        Moody  Reef
274. 北安礁
275.南安礁                              南安礁                               破海马滩                                 Seahorse  Breakers
276.南屏礁                              南屏礁                                                                                Hayes  Reef
277.南康暗沙                          南康暗沙                           南卢康尼亚滩                         South Luconia Shoals
278. 隐波暗沙                                                                                                                         Connell  Reef
1983年公布标准名称          1947年公布名称                  1935年公布名称                          外文名称
279.海安礁                              海安礁                                                                                Stigant  Reef
280. 琼台礁                                                                                                                            Luconia  Breakers
281. 潭门礁                                                                                                                           Richmond  Reef
282.海宁礁                              海宁礁                                                                                Herald  Reef
283.澄平礁                              澄平礁                                                                                Sterra  Blanca
284. 欢乐暗礁                                                                                                                         Comus  Shoal
285.曾母暗沙                         曾母暗沙                                曾母滩                                  James  Shoal
286. 中水道                                                                                                                             Middle  Pass
287. 南华水道                                                                                                                         Pigeon  Passage
                                                                                                                                              ( ARGO  Passage)
                                                                                                    破浪礁                                  Breakers
                                                   八仙暗沙                                                                             Parsons  Shoal
                                                    立地暗沙                                                                             Lydis  Shoal


 
 注:① 1947年内政部公布名称为 N. Verker,  S. Verker。见郑资约《南海诸岛地理志略》83页。
   ② 1909年李准巡海时在西沙群岛命名了16个岛名,其中甘泉岛、珊瑚岛、琛航岛、广金
     岛为1947年和1983年公布时采用,伏波岛则改为晋卿岛,丰润岛 1947年公布时改为
     和五岛,1983年公布时又改为东岛;另外10个岛名今地无考。
           ③ 神狐暗沙1947年未公布,但见于郑资约《南海诸岛地理志略》(1947)。
           ④ 地图 China Sea(1886)在礼乐滩北端注 Reported(1885),另《South China Sea》
         (1:2, 834. 488)在同一位置注明 Marie Louisa(1885),故两者可肯定为同一礁。
              两图藏于广东中山图书馆。

分享到:0
点击次数:11013次 更新时间:2009-06-15 14:21:55 【打印此页】
管理登录 | 网站备案号:琼ICP备08100253号

主办单位:中共海南省党史研究室(海南省地方志办公室)

2008 Power By 海南史志网

技术支持:盛世宏图